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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Key-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.26
Rank#49  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score488.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score568.51
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.40
Rank#66  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Websiteclickhouse.techwww.mongodb.comwww.postgresql.orgriak.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperYandex LLCMongoDB, IncPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerBasho Technologies
Initial release201620091989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2009
Current releasev20.11.3.3-stable, November 20204.4.5, April 202113.3, May 20212.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
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ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C++CErlang
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.JavaScript and Erlang
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keyspartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseMongoDBPostgreSQLRiak KV
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
ClickHouseMongoDBPostgreSQLRiak KV
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