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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.18
Rank#46  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score477.66
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.08
Rank#171  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techwww.mongodb.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperClickhouse Inc.MongoDB, IncVesoft Inc.
Initial release201620092019
Current releasev22.6.3.35-stable, July 20226.0.0, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.Strong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
proprietary protocol using JSONBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScript
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseMongoDBNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metrics200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ClickHouseMongoDBNebula Graph
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