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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MongoDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MongoDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Riak KV

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used in-process key-value storeDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Key-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.63
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score496.50
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score2.91
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score5.59
Rank#66  Overall
#8  Key-value stores
Websiteclickhouse.techazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.mongodb.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlriak.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperYandex LLCMicrosoftMongoDB, IncOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleBasho Technologies
Initial release20162016200919942009
Current releasev20.11.3.3-stable, November 20205.0, July 202118.1.40, May 20202.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
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Implementation languageC++C++C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Erlang
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialnono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONHTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
C#
Java
PHP
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQLJavaScriptnoJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersnonoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.noneSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenono infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesyesAccess rights for users and rolesnono
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMongoDBOracle Berkeley DBRiak KV
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
ClickHouseMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMongoDBOracle Berkeley DBRiak KV
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