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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. MongoDB vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. MongoDB vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexFully managed big data interactive analytics platformOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedDocument storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.26
Rank#49  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score4.95
Rank#70  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score488.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score5.40
Rank#66  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Websiteclickhouse.techazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.mongodb.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperYandex LLCMicrosoftMongoDB, IncBasho Technologies
Initial release2016201920092009
Current releasev20.11.3.3-stable, November 2020cloud service with continuous releases4.4.5, April 20212.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C++Erlang
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)schema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesnoall fields are automatically indexedyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol using JSONHTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RJavaScriptJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersnoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAzure Active Directory AuthenticationAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMongoDBRiak KV
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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