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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.88
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score39.75
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score477.90
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websiteclickhouse.techazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperClickhouse Inc.MicrosoftMongoDB, Inc
Initial release201620142009
Current releasev22.8.5.29-lts, September 20226.0.1, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes, when using the MergeTree engineyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptJavaScript
TriggersnoJavaScriptyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
ClickHouseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMongoDB
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