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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.68
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score102.59
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score79.72
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperYandex LLCMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release201620092010
Current releasev20.11.3.3-stable, November 202010.6.4, August 2021V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Transact SQL
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseMariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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3rd partiesClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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More resources
ClickHouseMariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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Recent citations in the news

ClickHouse spins out from Yandex and other NYC tech news - New York Business Journal
27 September 2021, New York Business Journal

Speedy Column-Store ClickHouse Spins Out from Yandex, Raises $50M
24 September 2021, Datanami

ClickHouse, Inc. Announces Incorporation, Along With $50M In Series A Funding
20 September 2021, Business Wire

Kyligence 4.5 adds Clickhouse to Intelligent Data Cloud
10 August 2021, TechTarget

Hydrolix Puts Big Log Data In Its Place: The Cloud
13 October 2021, Datanami

provided by Google News

MariaDB Wins Google Cloud Cross-Industry Customer Award
12 October 2021, Business Wire

TuxCare Services Launches Database Live Patching for MySQL, MariaDB and PostgreSQL - No Maintenance Window Required
6 October 2021, Business Wire

Datavail and MariaDB Announce New Partnership
28 September 2021, WebWire

Open-Source Database Software Market Size, Growth 2028 | Key Companies – Titan, SQLite, Neo4j, MariaDB, Apache Hive, Couchbase – Puck77
24 October 2021, Puck77

Relational Databases Software Market Size 2021 Key Strategies, Applications, Trends and Opportunities | Top Brands: Microsoft, MySQL, Oracle, SAP, PostgreSQL, Amazon RDS, IBM, MariaDB, Informix, Te… – Puck77
23 October 2021, Puck77

provided by Google News

How to find the right Azure SQL SKU for your SQL workloads - Microsoft
30 September 2021, Channel 9

That One Easy Trick for SQL Server Performance
28 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Setup Azure SQL Database to use with Azure Static Web Apps [Bonus] | Azure Tips and Tricks: Static Web Apps - Microsoft
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