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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. H2 vs. MongoDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. H2 vs. MongoDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.68
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score9.72
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score493.55
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score2.86
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techwww.h2database.comwww.mongodb.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperYandex LLCThomas MuellerMongoDB, IncOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release2016200520091994
Current releasev20.11.3.3-stable, November 20201.4.200, October 20195.0, July 202118.1.40, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
JavaActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJavaScriptno
Triggersnoyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseH2MongoDBOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
ClickHouseH2MongoDBOracle Berkeley DB
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