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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. GraphDB vs. Kinetica vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. GraphDB vs. Kinetica vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonKinetica  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportGPU-accelerated database for real-time analysis of large and streaming datasetsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.29
Rank#69  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score1.19
Rank#136  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.57
Rank#202  Overall
#97  Relational DBMS
Score514.80
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score50.54
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techgraphdb.ontotext.comwww.kinetica.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.kinetica.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperYandex LLCOntotextKineticaPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP
Initial release2016200020121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2010
Current releasev20.3.8.53, April 20208.8, January 20196.012.3, May 20202.0 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC, C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server Pluginuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.SQLScript, R
Triggersnonoyes infotriggers when inserted values for one or more columns fall within a specified rangeyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoGPU vRAM or System RAMnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesyesAccess rights for users and roles on table levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMKineticaPostgreSQLSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
News

On the Hunt for Patterns: from Hippocrates to Supercomputers
18 May 2020

Knowledge Graph Conference 2020 Recap: Knowledge Graphs Are Getting Into the Limelight
15 May 2020

Return of the Jedi: Ontotext Platform Metamorphosis
21 April 2020

GraphDB Empowers Scientific Projects to Fight COVID-19 and Publish Knowledge Graphs
15 April 2020

Ontotext’s GraphDB Builds a Thriving Community of Expert Followers
2 April 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ClickHouseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMKineticaPostgreSQLSAP HANA
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Conferences and events

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
Webinar, 5 pm CEST / 12 pm EDT / 6 pm EEST, 14 May 2020 (finished)

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Due to COVID-19, it will be an online conference, 26-29 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

From Russia with OLAP: Percona uses ClickHouse analytics - Open Source Insider
10 October 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

ClickHouse - from website clicks to ultra-fast analytics solution -
27 April 2020, Enterprise Times

Time Series Databases, the Future of Monitoring and Logging
3 December 2019, Security Boulevard

Data Monoliths Go Cloud-Native with Kubernetes
31 October 2019, DevOps.com

ClickHouse Experiencing Explosive Growth in EU, US and Asia in Q1 2018
23 April 2018, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

Ontotext releases new version of GraphDB
15 May 2020, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, Yahoo Finance

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Research on GPU Database Market (impact of COVID-19) 2020-2026: Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream, Neo4j
27 May 2020, Bandera County Courier

GPU Database Market 2020-2026: Key Vendor Landscape By Regional Output, Demand By Countries And Future Growth| Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia
27 May 2020, Weekly Wall

Global GPU Database Market Projected to Reach USD XX.XX billion by 2025- Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia, Brytlyt, etc.
22 May 2020, Cole of Duty

Latest News 2020: GPU Database Market by Coronavirus-COVID19 Impact Analysis With Top Manufacturers Analysis | Top Players: Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia, etc. | InForGrowth
22 May 2020, Cole of Duty

Disaster Tech & Kinetica Launches Crisis Management Platform
8 May 2020, Geospatial World

provided by Google News

Best practices for Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL cross-Region read replicas
26 May 2020, idk.dev

Migrating PostgreSQL from on-premises or Amazon EC2 to Amazon RDS using logical replication
27 May 2020, idk.dev

PostgreSQL Gets a Parallel Processing Boost
27 April 2020, Datanami

PostgreSQL: Businesses choose open source for digital transformation
12 May 2020, TechHQ

Building fast refresh capability in Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL
19 May 2020, idk.dev

provided by Google News

SAP HANA database turns 10
15 May 2020, TechTarget

Huawei's SAP HANA Solution Gets a Makeover with Intel Optane PMem
7 May 2020, Network World

Tax Compliance Can't Wait For The New SAP S/4 Hana Deadline
27 May 2020, E3zine.com

SAP HANA on Linux - the best Linux platform is SUSE Enterprise
22 May 2020, TechHQ

Unlock The Full Value Of SAP Hana In The Cloud With IBM Power
1 May 2020, E3zine.com

provided by Google News

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