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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.05
Rank#55  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score2.83
Rank#105  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score8.61
Rank#47  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techcloud.google.com/­spannerazure.microsoft.com/­services/­sql-data-warehouse
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­sql-data-warehouse
DeveloperYandex LLCGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release201620172016
Current releasev20.9.3.45-stable, October 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
hostedhosted
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoTransact SQL
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes

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More resources
ClickHouseGoogle Cloud SpannerMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

Azure SQL Data Warehouse, the hub for a trusted and performance optimized cloud data warehouse
1 November 2017,  Arnaud Comet, Microsoft (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

Altinity grabs $4M seed to build cloud version of ClickHouse open-source data warehouse
1 October 2020, TechCrunch

Machine Learning Capabilities Come to the Majority of Open Source Databases with MindsDB AI-Tables
20 October 2020, PR Web

Database footprints and Database as a Service continue to grow, but many companies facing unexpected cloud bills, according to Percona
22 October 2020, DevOps.com

The Crunchbase News Briefing: Thurs., Oct. 1
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10 October 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

provided by Google News

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1 May 2020, InfoQ.com

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20 October 2020, ZDNet

Google enhances Cloud Spanner and other databases
20 August 2020, TechTarget

Google lays out HarbourBridge to tempt PostgreSQL users onto Cloud Spanner • DEVCLASS
13 February 2020, DevClass

provided by Google News

Microsoft Azure Synapse Aims to Ease Data Collaboration With Latest Features
9 October 2020, CMSWire

Wavicle Data Solutions achieves a Microsoft Gold Data Platform competency
29 September 2020, PR Web

Snowflake - A Rejoinder To 10 Bear Arguments
25 September 2020, Seeking Alpha

Azure Synapse Analytics combines data warehouse, lake and pipelines
4 November 2019, ZDNet

A closer look at Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics
14 April 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

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