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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Lovefield vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Lovefield vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Embeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.83
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score4.44
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score0.23
Rank#286  Overall
#134  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#363  Overall
#49  Document stores
Websiteclickhouse.techcloud.google.com/­bigtablegoogle.github.io/­lovefieldgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperClickhouse Inc.GoogleGoogleJuxt Ltd.
Initial release2016201520142019
Current releasev22.4.5.9-stable, May 20222.1.12, February 20171.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaScriptClojure
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
hostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLnoSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternlimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScriptClojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononono
TriggersnonoUsing read-only observersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnoneyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoAtomic single-row operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no

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More resources
ClickHouseGoogle Cloud BigtableLovefieldXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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