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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HEAVY.AI vs. Lovefield vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HEAVY.AI vs. Lovefield vs. XTDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHEAVY.AI infoFormerly named 'OmniSci', rebranded to 'HEAVY.AI' in March 2022  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A high performance, column-oriented RDBMS, specifically developed to harness the massive parallelism of modern CPU and GPU hardwareEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.32
Rank#46  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score4.26
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score1.29
Rank#153  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#50  Document stores
Websiteclickhouse.techcloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­heavyai/­heavydb
www.heavy.ai
google.github.io/­lovefieldgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.heavy.aigithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperClickhouse Inc.GoogleHEAVY.AI, Inc.GoogleJuxt Ltd.
Initial release20162015201620142019
Current releasev22.3.3.44-lts, April 20225.10, January 20222.1.12, February 20171.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++ and CUDAJavaScriptClojure
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
hostedLinuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnononoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLnoyesSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternlimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Vega
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
JavaScriptClojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonononono
TriggersnononoUsing read-only observersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoRound robinnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replicationnoneyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoAtomic single-row operationsnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseGoogle Cloud BigtableHEAVY.AI infoFormerly named 'OmniSci', rebranded to 'HEAVY.AI' in March 2022LovefieldXTDB infoformerly named Crux
Specific characteristicsOptimizes memory and compute layers to deliver unprecedented performance. Natively...
» more
Competitive advantagesOnly HEAVY.AI allows users to visually and interactively discover high-value patterns,...
» more
Typical application scenariosAdvanced analytics, geospatial and time-series analytics, accelerated data science,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHEAVY.AI Free (Free Forever), Foundations ($2k/month), and Enterprise Licensure (Inquire...
» more

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More resources
ClickHouseGoogle Cloud BigtableHEAVY.AI infoFormerly named 'OmniSci', rebranded to 'HEAVY.AI' in March 2022LovefieldXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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