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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Riak KV vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Riak KV vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineDocument storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.63
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score496.50
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score5.59
Rank#66  Overall
#8  Key-value stores
Score0.18
Rank#292  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.mongodb.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kvtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperYandex LLCElasticMongoDB, IncBasho Technologies
Initial release20162010200920092009
Current releasev20.11.3.3-stable, November 20207.8.0, June 20205.0, July 20212.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC++ErlangJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesrestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInono
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
proprietary protocol using JSONHTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesJavaScriptJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno infolinks between data sets can be storedyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and rolesnono
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseElasticsearchMongoDBRiak KVTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
ClickHouseElasticsearchMongoDBRiak KVTinkerGraph
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