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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Elasticsearch vs. Impala vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Elasticsearch vs. Impala vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.42
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score160.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1206.05
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperYandex LLCElasticClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release2016201020131995
Current releasev22.1.2.2-stable, January 20227.8.0, June 20204.0.0, July 20218.0.28, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++JavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
All OS with a Java VMLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integrationnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
ClickHouseElasticsearchImpalaMySQL
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