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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engine
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.88
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score150.32
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1.27
Rank#180  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Websiteclickhouse.techwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.graphengine.io
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manual
DeveloperClickhouse Inc.ElasticMicrosoft
Initial release201620102010
Current releasev22.8.5.29-lts, September 20227.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java.NET and C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
All OS with a Java VM.NET
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes, when using the MergeTree engineyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storage
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
ClickHouseElasticsearchGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity
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