DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.59
Rank#46  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score0.28
Rank#273  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#167  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score577.15
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techmemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperYandex LLCDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph LtdVesoft Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20162008201720191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releasev20.11.3.3-stable, November 20207.2.4, September 201213.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C++C and C++C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
JDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissionsRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseDrizzleMemgraphNebula GraphPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Practicing Nebula Operator on Cloud
21 July 2021

BDD-Based Integration Testing Framework for Nebula Graph: Part II
15 July 2021

Understanding Subgraph in Nebula Graph 2.0
8 July 2021

Validating Import Performance of Nebula Importer
1 July 2021

Full-Text Indexing in Nebula Graph 2.0
25 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ClickHouseDrizzleMemgraphNebula GraphPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL won the April ranking; did its forks follow?
1 April 2015, Paul Andlinger

Has MySQL finally lost its mojo?
1 July 2013, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Open-source growth and venture capital investment: Data, databases, challenges, and opportunities
7 July 2021, ZDNet

Altinity grabs $4M seed to build cloud version of ClickHouse open-source data warehouse
1 October 2020, TechCrunch

Aiven set to grow open source database-as-a-service platform
30 March 2021, TechTarget

8 databases supporting in-database machine learning
28 April 2021, InfoWorld

ClickHouse Experiencing Explosive Growth in EU, US and Asia in Q1 2018
23 April 2018, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market Bourgeoning CAGR by 2028 with Key Players – Objectivity, Memgraph, Blazegraph. – The Manomet Current
7 July 2021, The Manomet Current

Graph Database Market Capital Outlook, Shares Analysis and Pandemic Huge Demand Forecast 2021-2027 – The Manomet Current
1 July 2021, The Manomet Current

Making Your Own Memory Graph To Detect Memory Issues On iOS
13 April 2021, hackernoon.com

Graph Database market size to register USD 920.4 by 2025
17 April 2021, Market Primes

2 Croatian Companies Make Top 50 Innovators in Europe
22 November 2017, Croatia Week

provided by Google News

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

The future of graph database: vesoft unveils Nebula Graph 2.0 GA
24 March 2021, PR Web

Nebula Graph open sources Nebula Operator, embraces cloud native April 29, 2021Nebula Graph releases its
29 April 2021, PR Web

Nebula Graph™ Database Secures $10 Million VC Funding in New Round
15 December 2020, PR Web

provided by Google News

"PostgreSQL has reached every part of industry and every part of government"
5 July 2021, JAXenter

Next Generation Crunchy Postgres for Kubernetes Released
7 July 2021, Johnson City Press (subscription)

PostgreSQL public cloud adoption currently fueled by smaller firms, says IDC analyst
25 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Steps for Installing Postgresql in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - Linux Shout
16 July 2021, H2S Media

Rockset adds MySQL connector to real-time indexing database
9 July 2021, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Associate Data Analyst
Gubagoo Inc., United States

Timestream Specialist SA
Amazon Web Services, Inc., United States

Director, Global SkyServices
MariaDB Corporation Ab, United States

Senior Software Engineer at Growing Fintech Data Startup
Databento, Inc., Remote

Staff Engineer - Backend - Opportunity for Working Remotely Boston, MA
VMware, Boston, MA

Software Programmer MKTS
Bank of America, Charlotte, NC

Associate Engineer I
Computer Programs & Systems, Inc, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
West Advanced Technologies (WATI), Downey, CA

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

Senior PostgreSQL DBA
Centurion Consulting Group, Windsor Mill, MD

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here