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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Dgraph vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Dgraph vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.18
Rank#46  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score103.12
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techdgraph.iowww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdgraph.io/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperClickhouse Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201620162014
Current releasev22.7.2.15-stable, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Go
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesno infoPlanned for future releasesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
ClickHouseDgraphSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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