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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.68
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score1.74
Rank#129  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score4.43
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score1.07
Rank#168  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techdgraph.iocloud.google.com/­datastorenuodb.com
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperYandex LLCDgraph Labs, Inc.GoogleNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release2016201620082013
Current releasev20.11.3.3-stable, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++GoC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, details hereyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLnoSQL-like query language (GQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonousing Google App EngineJava, SQL
TriggersnonoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication using Paxosyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseDgraphGoogle Cloud DatastoreNuoDB
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
ClickHouseDgraphGoogle Cloud DatastoreNuoDB
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