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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. Dgraph vs. GBase vs. Hazelcast vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. Dgraph vs. GBase vs. Hazelcast vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGBase  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSAn analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.A widely adopted in-memory data gridDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.82
Rank#53  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score1.69
Rank#134  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score1.16
Rank#162  Overall
#81  Relational DBMS
Score9.48
Rank#43  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score69.49
Rank#16  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techdgraph.iowww.gbase8a.comhazelcast.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdgraph.io/­docshazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperYandex LLCDgraph Labs, Inc.HazelcastMicrosoft
Initial release2016201620082010
Current releasev20.11.2.1-stable, November 2020GBase 8a4.1, November 2020V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++GoJavaC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLnoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor ServicesTransact SQL
Triggersnonoyes infoEventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes infoReplicated Mapyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesno infoPlanned for future releasesRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseDgraphGBaseHazelcastMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Hazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more

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More resources
ClickHouseDgraphGBaseHazelcastMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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22 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

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4 November 2020, TechRepublic

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31 July 2019, VentureBeat

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