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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. CrateDB vs. Dgraph vs. LeanXcale vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. CrateDB vs. Dgraph vs. LeanXcale vs. NuoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexDistributed Date Store based on LuceneDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Search engine
Graph DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSDocument store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.42
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#132  Relational DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techcrate.iodgraph.iowww.leanxcale.comnuodb.com
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docscrate.io/­docsdgraph.io/­docsdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperYandex LLCCrateDgraph Labs, Inc.LeanXcaleNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release20162013201620152013
Current releasev22.1.2.2-stable, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaGoC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
OS X
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsnoyes infothrough Apache Derbyyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
Java
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsnoJava, SQL
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorSynchronous replication via Raftyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesrights management via user accountsno infoPlanned for future releasesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
ClickHouseCrateDBDgraphLeanXcaleNuoDB
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
ClickHouseCrateDBDgraphLeanXcaleNuoDB
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