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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Impala vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Impala vs. NuoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Analytic DBMS for HadoopNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.42
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score16.64
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score19.36
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techcouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlnuodb.com
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperYandex LLCApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014ClouderaNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release20162005201220132013
Current releasev21.10.2.15-stable, October 20213.2.0, October 20214.0.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++ErlangC++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinuxhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnoyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJava, SQL
TriggersnoyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesnoACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users

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More resources
ClickHouseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseImpalaNuoDB
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