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DBMS > ClickHouse vs. CouchDB vs. Ehcache vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison ClickHouse vs. CouchDB vs. Ehcache vs. Microsoft Access

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NameClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonEhcache  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A widely adopted Java cache with tiered storage optionsMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.17
Rank#55  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score7.61
Rank#52  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score117.23
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websiteclickhouse.techcouchdb.apache.orgwww.ehcache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationclickhouse.tech/­docsdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.ehcache.org/­documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperYandex LLCApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerTerracotta Inc, owned by Software AGMicrosoft
Initial release2016200520091992
Current releasev20.11.2.1-stable, November 20203.0, February 20203.8.1, September 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++ErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyes infovia viewsnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to ANSI SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsHTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJCacheADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersnoyesyes infoCache Event Listenersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoby using Terracotta Servernone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoby using Terracotta Servernone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyTunable Consistency (Strong, Eventual, Weak)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyes infosupports JTA and can work as an XA resourceACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing a tiered cache-storage approachyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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