DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Citus vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.90
Rank#153  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Score0.44
Rank#211  Overall
#101  Relational DBMS
Score482.25
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20102014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.1, December 201810 R1, October 201811.5, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • EDB Postgres Cloud Database Service: Postgres cloud database service on AWS with Superuser Access, Unlimited Extensions, Higher Scalability, More Tuning Power and Oracle Compatibility. Try free!
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageCCC
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
macOS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd parties2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CitusPostgres-XLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Adds PostgreSQL Scalability Solution with Citus Data Purchase
24 January 2019, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Microsoft Acquires Citus Data to Dive Deeper into Postgres
30 January 2019, eWeek

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Acquires PostgreSQL Database Expertise, Counters Amazon Aurora
27 January 2019, ChannelE2E

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

Interview with Frank Huerta and Mason Sharp on PostGres-XL
13 May 2014, opensource.com

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

PostgreSQL vs. Hadoop
20 August 2016, DZone News

TransLattice offers details on PostgreSQL
15 May 2014, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Percona Announces New Distribution of PostgreSQL to Provide Expanded Support for Open Source Databases
17 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

Percona announces Percona Distribution for PostgreSQL to support open source databases
18 September 2019, Packt Hub

Crunchy PostgreSQL for PKS Is Now Available on VMware Cloud Marketplace™
26 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

Database, Data Management Upgrades Keep Coming
18 September 2019, Datanami

What's the point: JetBrains says EAP on IntelliJ, CFEngine's next LTS, Percona enhances PostgreSQL, GitLab fixes regression • DEVCLASS
20 September 2019, DevClass

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Analyst - IT PostgreSQL Database Admin / Engineer
Guy Carpenter, Hoboken, NJ

Data Engineer, Sr.
Snap Finance, West Valley City, UT

Sr Applications Engineer - Corporate Systems
California ISO, Folsom, CA

PostgreSQL Database Engineer (Denver or Austin)
Visa, Denver, CO

Database Analyst
Deloitte, Austin, TX

Database Engineer
Knight Point Systems, Washington, DC

Database Developer
Internet Brands, Los Angeles, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Present your product here