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DBMS > Citus vs. PostGIS vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. PostGIS vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLSpatial extension of PostgreSQLWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.87
Rank#113  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score30.78
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Score623.16
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.compostgis.netwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.compostgis.net/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201020051989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.1, December 20183.2.1, February 202215.1, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoGPL v2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
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Implementation languageCCC
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infobased on PostgreSQLpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes infobased on PostgreSQLSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infobased on PostgreSQLfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
CitusPostGISPostgreSQL
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Recent citations in the news

Azure CosmosDB for PostgreSQL Reaches General Availability
2 November 2022, iProgrammer

Citus For PostgreSQL Goes Fully Open Source
4 July 2022, iProgrammer

Y Combinator's 19 Group Partners and Visiting Group Partners for W23
10 November 2022, Business Insider

Microsoft Announces PostgreSQL Option for Cosmos DB
12 October 2022, thenewstack.io

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

How to Launch a PostgreSQL Database in the Cloud With AWS RDS - MUO
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2 November 2022, iProgrammer

PostgreSQL multiple commands security bypass vulnerability [CVE-2022-1552]
14 November 2022, SystemTek

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13 October 2022, TechTarget

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