DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Citus vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.43
Rank#143  Overall
#70  Relational DBMS
Score4.45
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score130.54
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.73
Rank#129  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comorientdb.orgwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release2010201020002010
Current release8.1, December 20183.1.9, February 20213.35.4  (2 April 2021), April 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaCJava
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Java, Javascriptnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersyesHooksyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replicationnoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationship in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablenoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusOrientDBSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CitusOrientDBSQLiteStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Hadoop Big Data Analytics Market Key Challenges, Frontiers of Growth & Forecast upto 2027 – The Manomet Current
18 June 2021, The Manomet Current

Build 2021: Microsoft reveals Power BI enhancements to Cosmos DB
6 June 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Build 2021: Microsoft reveals enhancements to Power BI, Cosmos DB
25 May 2021, ZDNet

Build 2021: Microsoft announces new features for Azure database services
30 May 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Azure Updates: Icon update; IoT Central; Site Recovery; CMMC Level 3
19 May 2021, MSDynamicsWorld

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market R & D including top key players Oracle, IBM, Neo Technology, OrientDB – The Manomet Current
7 June 2021, The Manomet Current

NoSQL Software Market Outlook 2021, Analysis and Forecast to 2028 by Manufacturers| MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, ArangoDB – The Courier
20 May 2021, The Courier

Global Graph Database Market 2025: Top Key Players Oracle, International Business Machines Corporation, Neo TechnologyInc., OrientDB, Franz Inc. and others – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
3 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Global Graph Database Market Share 2021 by Companies: Tibco Software, Neo4j, AWS, Microsoft, OrientDB Ltd, triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB) – Clark County Blog
21 May 2021, Clark County Blog

Graph Database Market 2021 Industry Statistics, Applications, Forecast 2026, and Key Player Analysis – Oracle (US), AWS (US), Neo4j (US), OrientDB (UK). – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
7 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

provided by Google News

Linux Fu: Databases Are Next-Level File Systems
8 June 2021, Hackaday

Database Software Market Size, Industry Trends and Forecast to 2028 | Major Players – Teradata, MongoDB, Mark Logic, Couch base, SQLite, Datastax – The Courier
17 June 2021, The Courier

2021-25 Open-Source Database Software witness to huge demands in upcoming years | SQLite, Apache Hive, Redis, Neo4j, MariaDB, Couchbase, MongoDB – The Manomet Current
10 June 2021, The Manomet Current

How Expensify hacked its way to a robust, scalable tech stack
2 June 2021, TechCrunch

Open-Source Database Software Market Size (2021-2028) | Top Manufacturers – Titan, SQLite, Neo4j, MariaDB, Apache Hive, Couchbase – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
2 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer, Data Platform (Senior/Staff)
Heap, California

N2
Samsung Electronics, Plano, TX

Mgr, IT Systems
Cyxtera Management, Addison, TX

Big Data Engineer
Semantic AI, San Diego, CA

Junior Xamarin Mobile Developer
MultiTracks, Austin, TX

Data Engineer
Datopian, Remote

Software Engineer
Serko, Remote

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

Junior Database Administrator
GROVER GAMING, Greenville, NC

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here