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DBMS > Citus vs. MySQL vs. Teradata

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. MySQL vs. Teradata

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLWidely used open source RDBMSA hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.07
Rank#146  Overall
#71  Relational DBMS
Score1267.65
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score76.81
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comwww.mysql.comwww.teradata.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.teradata.com
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunTeradata
Initial release201019951984
Current release8.1, December 20188.0.18, October 2019Teradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash index
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL 2016 + extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infoproprietary syntaxyes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallel
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infoHashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
CitusMySQLTeradata
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Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Acquires Citus Data to Dive Deeper into Postgres
30 January 2019, eWeek

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23 January 2020, openPR

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20 February 2020, News Times

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27 January 2020, Database Journal

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Don’t Buy Teradata’s Turnaround Story
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Analysts Have Been Trimming Their Teradata Corporation Price Target After Its Latest Report
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Big Data Was a Big Mess; Teradata’s Jack Shemer Helped Sort It Out
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