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DBMS > Citus vs. MongoDB vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. MongoDB vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.50
Rank#140  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score496.16
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score5.10
Rank#68  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comwww.mongodb.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperMongoDB, IncBasho Technologies
Initial release201020092009
Current release8.1, December 20185.0, July 20212.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++Erlang
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
proprietary protocol using JSONHTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.JavaScriptJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusMongoDBRiak KV
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CitusMongoDBRiak KV
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

Introduction to MongoDB
11 am ET | 3 pm GMT | 4 pm BST, 27 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft acquires Citus Data
24 January 2019, TechCrunch

New ways to get started with Azure Database for PostgreSQL | Azure Friday - Microsoft
2 July 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Acquires Citus Data to Dive Deeper into Postgres | eWEEK
31 January 2019, eWeek

provided by Google News

MongoDB adds scaling, compliance boosts to version 5.0 of its database platform
14 July 2021, VentureBeat

What is MongoDB? A quick guide for developers
1 July 2021, InfoWorld

MongoDB 5.0: New Features & Updates Explained
19 July 2021, Analytics India Magazine

DigitalOcean and MongoDB Partner to Give Developers Flexibility to Focus on Apps
2 July 2021, Database Trends and Applications

DigitalOcean aligns with MongoDB for managed database service
29 June 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

There's a NoSQL Database for That
22 July 2021, Datanami

Is Riak A Good NoSQL Database Option?
1 July 2019, Analytics India Magazine

Basho Revamps Riak Open-Source Database
17 September 2014, InformationWeek

Basho open-sources its Riak TS database for the Internet Of Things
5 May 2016, TechCrunch

Riak NoSQL Database: Use Cases and Best Practices
23 December 2011, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

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