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DBMS > Citus vs. Microsoft Access vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Microsoft Access vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.07
Rank#146  Overall
#71  Relational DBMS
Score128.06
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score2.96
Rank#88  Overall
#16  Document stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accesspouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.commsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release201019922012
Current release8.1, December 20181902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20197.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++JavaScript
Server operating systemsLinuxWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnoneMaster-master replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Master-slave replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003no

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More resources
CitusMicrosoft AccessPouchDB
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Recent citations in the news

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

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30 January 2019, eWeek

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