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DBMS > Citus vs. MariaDB vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. MariaDB vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.One of the most popular document stores
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.96
Rank#152  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Score84.44
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score409.93
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.citusdata.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mongodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MongoDB, Inc
Initial release201020092009
Current release8.1, December 201810.4.6, June 20194.0.10, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database in minutes.
Implementation languageCC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScript
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusMariaDBMongoDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
MongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
By offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
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DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CitusMariaDBMongoDB
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Adds PostgreSQL Scalability Solution with Citus Data Purchase
24 January 2019, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Industry Leaders to Gather at the First Distributed SQL Summit Presented by YugaByte and PostgresConf
9 July 2019, Yahoo Finance

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Acquires Citus Data to Dive Deeper into Postgres
30 January 2019, eWeek

provided by Google News

7 MySQL and MariaDB features you don't want to miss
26 June 2019, InfoWorld

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18 July 2019, Help Net Security

For MariaDB, it’s time to put the pieces together
27 February 2019, ZDNet

MariaDB unifies its platform
16 January 2019, ZDNet

MariaDB readies new enterprise server
26 February 2019, ZDNet

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MongoDB, Inc. (MDB) stocks Higher at close Yesterday; MDB Currently up 2.45%
2 July 2019, The News Heater

MongoDB: The cloud keeps rolling but what about legacy modernization?
27 June 2019, ZDNet

MongoDB Database Exposed 188 Million Records: Researchers
11 July 2019, BankInfoSecurity.com

MongoDB (MDB) Outpaces Stock Market Gains: What You Should Know
18 July 2019, Nasdaq

Why MongoDB Stock Jumped 82% in the First Half of 2019
10 July 2019, The Motley Fool

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