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DBMS > Citus vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.00
Rank#152  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#225  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score128.58
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score8.23
Rank#46  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessrealm.io
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release2010201419922014
Current release8.1, December 20181902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsLinuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JavaScript APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.View functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnonenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003yes
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusLokiJSMicrosoft AccessRealm
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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CitusLokiJSMicrosoft AccessRealm
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Recent citations in the news

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