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DBMS > Citus vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.00
Rank#152  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#225  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score128.58
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score5.11
Rank#63  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
Websitewww.citusdata.comgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessorientdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperMicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release2010201419922010
Current release8.1, December 20181902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20193.0.23, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaScriptC++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JavaScript APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.View functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJava, Javascript
Triggersyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnonenoneMaster-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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