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DBMS > Citus vs. LokiJS vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. LokiJS vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.00
Rank#152  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#225  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score87.45
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score128.58
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
products.office.com/­en-us/­access
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarymsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspx
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release2010201420091992
Current release8.1, December 201810.4.11, December 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageCJavaScriptC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScriptAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.View functions in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnoneMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusLokiJSMariaDBMicrosoft Access
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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More resources
CitusLokiJSMariaDBMicrosoft Access
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