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DBMS > Citus vs. InfluxDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. InfluxDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.24
Rank#151  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score23.34
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score0.56
Rank#218  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201020132014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.1, December 20181.8.0, April 202010 R1, October 201812.4, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCGoCC
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Linux
macOS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data and Stringsyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query languageyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.nouser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoin enterprise version onlyhorizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlySource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoDepending on used storage enginenono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusInfluxDBPostgres-XLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more

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More resources
CitusInfluxDBPostgres-XLPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Database Software Global Market Report 2020-30: Covid 19 Impact and Recovery
16 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Microsoft acquires Citus Data
24 January 2019, TechCrunch

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Citus Data Announces HIPAA-Compliant Healthcare Cloud
13 November 2018, HITInfrastructure.com

provided by Google News

Reasons to switch to the InfluxDB time-series database, explored
25 August 2020, TechHQ

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17 September 2020, TechRepublic

Where InfluxDB time series database is going
21 January 2020, TechTarget

InfluxData Brings InfluxDB Cloud 2.0 Serverless Platform to Europe to Support Enterprise Transformation with Time Series Technology
14 November 2019, Business Wire

InfluxDB goes live on Google Cloud
4 February 2020, ZDNet

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Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

Interview with Frank Huerta and Mason Sharp on PostGres-XL
13 May 2014, opensource.com

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

PostgreSQL vs. Hadoop
20 August 2016, DZone News

TransLattice offers details on PostgreSQL
15 May 2014, ZDNet

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Crunchy Data Continues PostgreSQL Support with the Release of Crunchy Bridge
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17 September 2020, ITProPortal

CEO Perspective: Future Trends in PostgreSQL Performance
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