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DBMS > Citus vs. Hive vs. TinkerGraph vs. UniData,UniVerse

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Hive vs. TinkerGraph vs. UniData,UniVerse

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 APIMultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSMultivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.11
Rank#104  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score77.89
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score0.44
Rank#273  Overall
#22  Graph DBMS
Score4.34
Rank#90  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comhive.apache.orgtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlinwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookRocket Software
Initial release2010201220091985
Current release8.1, December 20183.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
TinkerPop 3Java API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Groovy
Java
.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoyes
Triggersyesnonoyes infoU2 Basic
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factornoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID infoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesnoAccess rights according to SQL-standard and operating system based

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More resources
CitusHiveTinkerGraphUniData,UniVerse
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