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DBMS > Citus vs. Hive vs. Oracle vs. PostGIS vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Hive vs. Oracle vs. PostGIS vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used RDBMSSpatial extension of PostgreSQLA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.83
Rank#135  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Score78.43
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score1238.25
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score30.81
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#285  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comhive.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasepostgis.nettinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasepostgis.net/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracle
Initial release20102012198020052009
Current release8.1, December 20183.1.2, August 201919c, February 20193.2.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL v2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC and C++CJava
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functionsno
Triggersyesnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes infobased on PostgreSQLnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infobased on PostgreSQLnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infobased on PostgreSQLno

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More resources
CitusHiveOraclePostGISTinkerGraph
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