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DBMS > Citus vs. Hive vs. MySQL vs. PostGIS

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Hive vs. MySQL vs. PostGIS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSSpatial extension of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APISpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.11
Rank#104  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score77.89
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score1199.40
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score29.20
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comhive.apache.orgwww.mysql.compostgis.net
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedev.mysql.com/­docpostgis.net/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release2010201219952005
Current release8.1, December 20183.1.3, April 20228.0.31, October 20223.2.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL v2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageCJavaC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes infobased on PostgreSQL
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infobased on PostgreSQL
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes infobased on PostgreSQL

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