DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Citus vs. Hive vs. Lovefield vs. PostGIS vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Hive vs. Lovefield vs. PostGIS vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptSpatial extension of PostgreSQLA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.34
Rank#125  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Score80.60
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#279  Overall
#129  Relational DBMS
Score30.85
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#277  Overall
#22  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comhive.apache.orggoogle.github.io/­lovefieldpostgis.nettinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homegithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdpostgis.net/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookGoogle
Initial release20102012201420052009
Current release8.1, December 20183.1.3, April 20222.1.12, February 20173.2.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL v2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaJavaScriptCJava
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari
Data schemeyesyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScriptGroovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenouser defined functionsno
TriggersyesnoUsing read-only observersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneyes infobased on PostgreSQLnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factornoneyes infobased on PostgreSQLnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infousing MemoryDBnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesnoyes infobased on PostgreSQLno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CitusHiveLovefieldPostGISTinkerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Why is Hadoop not listed in the DB-Engines Ranking?
13 May 2013, Paul Andlinger

show all

Spatial database management systems
6 April 2021, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Citus For PostgreSQL Goes Fully Open Source
4 July 2022, iProgrammer

Learn how to build a fast, scalable data system on Azure Hyperscale (Citus) and Cosmos DB
1 April 2022, YourStory

What is Azure Database for PostgreSQL Flexible Server?
24 June 2022, TechRepublic

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Is Apache Iceberg the Future of Cloud Data Workload?
8 September 2022, Analytics Insight

Bluesky built cost guardrails to help cut Snowflake data spend
14 September 2022, TechCrunch

Dremio Cloud review: A fast and flexible data lakehouse on AWS
7 September 2022, InfoWorld

Top Big Data Tools For Data Science And Machine Learning Projects in 2022
7 September 2022, MarkTechPost

Open-Source Database Software Market Size, Share | Global Report with Key Players Analysis - Titan, SQLite, Re
27 September 2022, openPR

provided by Google News

Google Lovefield Relational Query Engine
21 November 2014, iProgrammer

‘What just happened?’ Tweets from Dallas Love Field show fear, confusion due to shooting
25 July 2022, Fort Worth Star-Telegram

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Engineer
Tek Ninjas, Seattle, WA

Senior Database Administrator (US, Canada)
PEX, Remote

Database Architect Consultant
Exadel, United States

Database Solutions Engineer
CNH Industrial, United States

Systems Admin Postgres DBA
Retail Business Services, Scarborough, ME

Staff Data Scientist, Customer Experience
Salesforce, Remote

Sr Automation Integration Engineer - Development (Full-Time Remote or Hybrid)
TARGET, Brooklyn Park, MN

Sr. Data Engineers
GSPANN Technologie, Portland, OR

Staff Data Scientist, Customer Experience
Slack, Remote

Data Engineer
Amazon.com Services LLC, Remote

Call Center Representative/Sales
Etech, Dallas, TX

Pre-K Teacher (Montessori)
Willow Montessori Academy, Dallas, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Neo4j logo

Neo4j NODES 2022
Free online conference for developers and data scientists.
November 16/17 2022.
Register now for free!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here