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DBMS > Citus vs. Hive vs. Impala vs. PostGIS

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Hive vs. Impala vs. PostGIS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopAnalytic DBMS for HadoopSpatial extension of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.11
Rank#104  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score77.89
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score17.82
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score29.20
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comhive.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlpostgis.net
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlpostgis.net/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookCloudera
Initial release2010201220132005
Current release8.1, December 20183.1.3, April 20224.1.0, June 20223.2.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL v2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCJavaC++C
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingyes infobased on PostgreSQL
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factorselectable replication factoryes infobased on PostgreSQL
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes infobased on PostgreSQL

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More resources
CitusHiveImpalaPostGIS
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