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DBMS > Citus vs. Heroic vs. Informix vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Heroic vs. Informix vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. VoltDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides IBM Db2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.77
Rank#135  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score23.37
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1.60
Rank#142  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexwww.ibm.com/­products/­informixazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
docs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperSpotifyIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.MicrosoftVoltDB Inc.
Initial release20102014198420162010
Current release8.1, December 201814.10.FC5, November 202011.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree developer edition availablecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC, C++ and JavaC++Java, C++
Server operating systemsLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoyesyesyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
JDBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noyesTransact SQLJava
Triggersyesnoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsyesUsers and roles with access to stored procedures

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More resources
CitusHeroicInformixMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseVoltDB
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