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DBMS > Citus vs. GridDB vs. Prometheus vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. GridDB vs. Prometheus vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLScalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.48
Rank#141  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score1.34
Rank#147  Overall
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score6.43
Rank#60  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score3.72
Rank#89  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comgriddb.netprometheus.iowww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdocs.griddb.netprometheus.io/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperToshiba CorporationTimescale
Initial release2010201320152017
Current release8.1, December 20184.6, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++GoC
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampNumeric data onlynumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono infoImport of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)noyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Proprietary protocolRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.nonouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replicationyes infoby FederationSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersnoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID at container levelnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusGridDBPrometheusTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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More resources
CitusGridDBPrometheusTimescaleDB
Recent citations in the news

How to Use Citus to Shard Postgres, for Performance & Scale - Microsoft
16 September 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft buys Citus Data
24 January 2019, ZDNet

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

New ways to get started with Azure Database for PostgreSQL | Azure Friday - Microsoft
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Understanding Hyperfunctions in TimescaleDB
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Timescale grabs $40M Series B as it goes all in on cloud version of time series database
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Timescale Launches Industry's First Multi-Node Relational Database for Time-Series Data, Giving Organizations Unprecedented Scale
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Timescale scales out and sets its sights on analytics
17 June 2021, ZDNet

Timescale announces $15M investment and new enterprise version of TimescaleDB
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