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DBMS > Citus vs. Greenplum vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Greenplum vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.14
Rank#150  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Score12.77
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#209  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.compivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplumwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comgpdb.docs.pivotal.iowww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.
Initial release201020052014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release8.1, December 20185.10.0, July 201810 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxLinux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityyes infosince Version 4.2yes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyesyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesuser defined functions
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
CitusGreenplumPostgres-XL
Recent citations in the news

Microsoft buys a start-up whose software limits access to sensitive data
29 July 2019, CNBC

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Acquires Citus Data to Dive Deeper into Postgres
30 January 2019, eWeek

provided by Google News

Greenplum 6 ventures outside the analytic box
19 March 2019, ZDNet

Delving into NoSQL Databases
31 July 2019, CIO

Greenplum goes open source -- and a new cloud analytics star is born
29 October 2015, InfoWorld

Pivotal Takes Greenplum to the Cloud
14 September 2017, Datanami

Pivotal Greenplum Analytic Database Adds Multicloud Support
18 September 2017, SDxCentral

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

Interview with Frank Huerta and Mason Sharp on PostGres-XL
13 May 2014, opensource.com

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

PostgreSQL vs. Hadoop
20 August 2016, DZone News

TransLattice offers details on PostgreSQL
15 May 2014, ZDNet

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