DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Citus vs. Greenplum vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Greenplum vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.14
Rank#150  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Score12.77
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score481.33
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.compivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplumwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comgpdb.docs.pivotal.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201020051989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.1, December 20185.10.0, July 201811.5, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageCC
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityyes infosince Version 4.2yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CitusGreenplumPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Asia 2019
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 9-12 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft buys a start-up whose software limits access to sensitive data
29 July 2019, CNBC

Microsoft Adds PostgreSQL Scalability Solution with Citus Data Purchase
24 January 2019, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Acquires Citus Data to Dive Deeper into Postgres
30 January 2019, eWeek

provided by Google News

Greenplum 6 ventures outside the analytic box
19 March 2019, ZDNet

Delving into NoSQL Databases
31 July 2019, CIO

Greenplum goes open source -- and a new cloud analytics star is born
29 October 2015, InfoWorld

Pivotal Takes Greenplum to the Cloud
14 September 2017, Datanami

Pivotal Greenplum streamlines big data query optimization
11 March 2016, TechTarget

provided by Google News

After PostgreSQL, DigitalOcean now adds MySQL and Redis to its managed databases’ offering
20 August 2019, Packt Hub

Database PostgreSQL makes transition from academia to enterprise
9 August 2019, TechHQ

DigitalOcean Adds MySQL and Redis to Managed Databases Offering
20 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

Forget silicon - SQL on DNA is the next frontier for databases
22 July 2019, ZDNet

Microsoft buys a start-up whose software limits access to sensitive data
29 July 2019, CNBC

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Data Engineer
Snap Finance, West Valley City, UT

Digital Data Analyst (Must have previous experience as an SQL Analyst)
Luth Research, LLC, San Diego, CA

Greenplum Architect
GSS Infotech, Glastonbury, CT

PostGres DBA
Alltech International, Washington, DC

Senior Cloud Centric Greenplum DBA
Epsilon, Leesburg, VA

Senior Cloud Centric Greenplum DBA
Conversant Media, Leesburg, VA

Database Administrator
Frontend Arts, Sunnyvale, CA

Database Administrator
Amyx, Inc., Washington, DC

Postgre Database Administrator
ITL USA, Ashburn, VA

Open Source Database Administrator
Q2ebanking, Austin, TX

Database Administrator - Mongo
Allscripts, United States

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here