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DBMS > Citus vs. Graphite vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Graphite vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.48
Rank#141  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score5.09
Rank#71  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.monetdb.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comgraphite.readthedocs.iowww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperChris DavisMonetDB BVPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2010200620041989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.1, December 2018Oct2020-SP2, January 202113.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCPythonCC
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
Unix
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
Sockets
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding via remote tablespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnonenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusGraphiteMonetDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
CitusGraphiteMonetDBPostgreSQL
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Recent citations in the news

How to Use Citus to Shard Postgres, for Performance & Scale - Microsoft
16 September 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

New ways to get started with Azure Database for PostgreSQL | Azure Friday - Microsoft
2 July 2021, Channel 9

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1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Snowflake's co-founder Marcin Żukowski reflects on his time at CWI
18 November 2020, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

CWI research collaboration leads to 100 million euro investment in Amsterdam — CWI Amsterdam
6 November 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Columnar Databases and Vectorization
27 May 2018, InfoQ.com

International innovation award to Martin Kersten — CWI Amsterdam
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