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DBMS > Citus vs. Graphite vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Graphite vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.00
Rank#152  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score3.35
Rank#83  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#225  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score128.58
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSproducts.office.com/­en-us/­access
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comgraphite.readthedocs.iotechfort.github.io/­LokiJSmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspx
DeveloperChris DavisMicrosoft
Initial release2010200620141992
Current release8.1, December 20181902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCPythonJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
Unix
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlynoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
Sockets
JavaScript APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noView functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesnoyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnonenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencynonenone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
CitusGraphiteLokiJSMicrosoft Access
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