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DBMS > Citus vs. Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. JanusGraph vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. JanusGraph vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.01
Rank#148  Overall
#72  Relational DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#207  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#100  Relational DBMS
Score1.18
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.79
Rank#120  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Score0.90
Rank#159  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comgrakn.aigraphdb.ontotext.comjanusgraph.orgwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.janusgraph.orgdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperGrakn LabsOntotextLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release20102016200020172017
Current release8.1, December 20181.6.2, January 20208.8, January 20190.5.0, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoSPARQL is used as query languagenoSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noJava Server Pluginyesyes
Triggersyesnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using Cassandranoneyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusGraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
News

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25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

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14 August 2019

Unsolved Machine Learning Problems That You Can Solve
9 July 2019

Drug Discovery Knowledge Graphs
7 June 2019

Ontotext Knowledge Graph Platform: The Modern Way of Building Smart Enterprise Applications
19 March 2020

How Pharma Companies Can Scale Up Their Knowledge Discovery with Semantic Similarity Search 
6 March 2020

Crafting a Knowledge Graph: The Semantic Data Modeling Way
20 February 2020

How Computer Vision Technology Can Bring Smart Surveillance to Retail    
6 February 2020

Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CitusGraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanTigerGraph
Conferences and events

GraphDB 9.1: Knowledge Graphs with Data Provenance
Webinar, 2 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft boosts Azure big data strategy with Hadoop distro
4 March 2020, TechTarget

Hadoop Big Data Analytics Market Continuous Excellent Growth |
26 March 2020, openPR

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
25 January 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

What Is an Ontology?
15 March 2017, DZone News

15 Machine Learning Companies To Watch In Europe
27 November 2018, Forbes

Oracle launches startup cloud accelerator in Bristol
20 September 2017, Cloud Pro

provided by Google News

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

What & why: Graph machine learning in distributed systems
16 March 2020, Ericsson

Comcast, FireEye, Numberly Among Winners of 2019 Scylla User Awards
6 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

The year of the graph: Getting graphic, going native, reshaping the landscape
8 January 2018, ZDNet

Benchmarking Graph Analytics Systems: TigerGraph, Neo4j, Neptune, JanusGraph, and ArangoDB
8 May 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

TigerGraph Enhances Its Graph Database and Analytics Solution
17 March 2020, MarTech Advisor

Look ma, no code: TigerGraph looks to attract wider audience for niche-but-growing DB segment
16 March 2020, The Register

news digest: .NET 5 Preview 1, TigerGraph 3.0's no-code capabilities, and Axis Security emerges from stealth - SD Times
17 March 2020, SDTimes.com

TigerGraph 3.0 Touts the Industry's First 'Easy Button' for Analysis
18 March 2020, Solutions Review

TigerGraph Continues Product Innovation with Newest “Graph for All” Release
17 March 2020, MarTech Series

provided by Google News

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