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DBMS > Citus vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. SiteWhere

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. SiteWhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparisonSiteWhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structuresM2M integration platform for persisting/querying time series data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.77
Rank#135  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comcloud.google.com/­spannerazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.htmlsitewhere.io
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticssitewhere.io/­docs/­2.1.0
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftSybase, SAPSiteWhere
Initial release20102017201619932010
Current release8.1, December 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoCommon Public Attribution License Version 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedhostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyespredefined scheme
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
HTTP REST
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
PHP
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noTransact SQLyes
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningnoneSharding infobased on HBase
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infobased on HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configuredno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept

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More resources
CitusGoogle Cloud SpannerMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADSSiteWhere
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