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DBMS > Citus vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. SAP IQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.24
Rank#151  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score2.78
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score4.31
Rank#77  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score5.46
Rank#71  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comcloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iohelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release2010201720061994
Current release8.1, December 201816.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCPython
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedLinux
Unix
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.nonoyes
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud DataflownoHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
CitusGoogle Cloud SpannerGraphiteSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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