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DBMS > Citus vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Open source graph database
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.39
Rank#143  Overall
#72  Relational DBMS
Score8.05
Rank#51  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score52.16
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreneo4j.com
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoreneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201020172007
Current release8.1, December 20184.2.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, Scala
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoUsing Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusGoogle Cloud FirestoreNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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27 February 2021

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25 February 2021

Top 10 Use Cases: Empowering Network and IT Operations Management
22 February 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Structured data embedded in web pages, Speaker Listener LPA, Neo4j at NASA
20 February 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CitusGoogle Cloud FirestoreNeo4j
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Recent citations in the news

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26 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

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Google Cloud Supports Ruby on Cloud Functions
13 February 2021, InfoQ.com

Google Releases Eventarc into General Availability
31 January 2021, InfoQ.com

Google launches Cloud Firestore, a new document database for app developers
3 October 2017, TechCrunch

Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
31 January 2019, TechCrunch

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23 March 2020, VentureBeat

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22 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

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