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DBMS > Citus vs. GigaSpaces vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Sequoiadb vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. GigaSpaces vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Sequoiadb vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGigaSpaces  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSequoiadb  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLHigh performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented TransactionsFully managed big data interactive analytics platformNewSQL database with distributed OLTP and SQLIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Relational DBMS infocolumn orientedDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeGraph DBMS
Search engine
Document store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#134  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Score0.95
Rank#179  Overall
#31  Document stores
#7  Object oriented DBMS
Score7.30
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#262  Overall
#40  Document stores
#122  Relational DBMS
Score1.67
Rank#136  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comwww.gigaspaces.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.sequoiadb.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerwww.sequoiadb.com/­en/­index.php?m=Files&a=indexdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperGigaspaces TechnologiesMicrosoftSequoiadb Ltd.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release20102000201920131998
Current release8.1, December 201815.5, September 2020cloud service with continuous releases11 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoServer: AGPL; Client: Apache V2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, C++, .NetC++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)schema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes infooid, date, timestamp, binary, regexyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadatayesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-99 for query and DML statementsKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RJavaScriptPL/SQL
Triggersyesyes, event driven architectureyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoDocument is locked during a transactionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationsimple password-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusGigaSpacesMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerSequoiadbTimesTen
Specific characteristicsGigaSpaces, the pioneer of In-Memory Computing , drives enterprise digital transformation...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantages​ AI Driven Autonomous Operations – GigaSpaces’ unique AI driven technology simplifies...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication Acceleration, Smart Caching, BI Acceleration on Fresh Data, Digital Integration...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMorgan Stanley, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, PriceRunner, Cerner, Societe Generale,...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsForrester has positioned GigaSpaces as a strong performer in The Forrester Wave™:...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGigaSpaces offers both open source and commercial editions with annual subscriptions....
» more
An Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more

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CitusGigaSpacesMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerSequoiadbTimesTen
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