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DBMS > Citus vs. Geode vs. Greenplum vs. Postgres-XL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Geode vs. Greenplum vs. Postgres-XL vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.98
Rank#147  Overall
#72  Relational DBMS
Score1.45
Rank#130  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score11.83
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.47
Rank#212  Overall
#101  Relational DBMS
Score2.15
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comgeode.apache.orgpivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplumwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comgeode.apache.org/­docsgpdb.docs.pivotal.iowww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.Pivotal Software Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2010200220052014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1998
Current release8.1, December 20181.1, February 20175.10.0, July 201810 R1, October 201811 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfireOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinuxLinux
macOS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes infosince Version 4.2yes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (OQL)yesyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functionsyesuser defined functionsPL/SQL
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights per client and object definablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CitusGeodeGreenplumPostgres-XLTimesTen
Specific characteristicsThe world's first commercial In-Memory Relational Database offering (launched in...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimesTen offers many advantages over competing products: Mature product with nearly...
» more
Typical application scenariosTimesTen can be used in a wide range of application areas. Some examples include:...
» more
Key customersSome of our key customers include Ericsson , Telcordia , China Mobile, China Telecom,...
» more
Market metricsTimesTen is used by thousands of customers in tens of thousands of deployments worldwide...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsStandard Oracle licence models ; end user and ISV/OEM licence terms available.
» more

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CitusGeodeGreenplumPostgres-XLTimesTen
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