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DBMS > Citus vs. FoundationDB

System Properties Comparison Citus vs. FoundationDB

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Our visitors often compare Citus and FoundationDB with PostgreSQL, Cassandra and CockroachDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCitus  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.83
Rank#125  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score1.65
Rank#173  Overall
#29  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
#82  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.citusdata.comgithub.com/­apple/­foundationdb
Technical documentationdocs.citusdata.comapple.github.io/­foundationdb
DeveloperFoundationDB
Initial release20102013
Current release8.1, December 20186.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard, with numerous extensionssupported in specific SQL layer only
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.in SQL-layer only
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesin SQL-layer only
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
CitusFoundationDB
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